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The district of La Villa is the oldest of Requena neighborhood. This is where the first signs of population were recorded, to the seventh century B.C. Its urban structure is typical of Spanish-Muslim cities. It is based on a raised promontory of calcareous tufa, which offered him a character of natural defense. The Villa is surrounded by a wall with their defensive towers and the various gateways to the city.
The neighborhood was declared Historical Site at the national level in 1966
In “La Villa” you can visit the following buildings, monuments or characteristic places:
St. Nicholas Church. It is the oldest church in La Villa, dating from the thirteenth century. Initially his style was gothic, but was rebuilt in neoclassical style in the eighteenth century because its portico was destroyed in 1702 during the War of Succession. It was declared of Cultural Interest with the category of monument on 14 December 2008. It is currently under reconstruction.
Church of Santa Maria. It dates from the fourteenth century, it is the largest of the churches of La Villa. His style is flamboyant Gothic Elizabethan and consists of a single ship and chapels between buttresses. Declared National Monument in 1931 was destroyed during the civil war. It has undergone a major renovation and is now used as an exhibition and concerts.
Church of El Salvador. This church was built on the site of a chapel dedicated to Santa Barbara. Its construction began in 1380 and concluded in 1533 and King Alfonso XI is attributed. Its architecture is Gothic and has three naves. The portico, like the church of Santa Maria, is florid Elizabethan Gothic style. Neoclassical reforms were done in the eighteenth century in the Communion Chapel, the Board of Council of Clerics and Choir. In 1931 it was declared a Historic-Artistic Monument. It belongs to the National Treasury archivist.
Plaza del Castillo (Castle Square). It is the old parade. In the late eighteenth century townhouses were built close to the wall. We found remains of the Bronze Age in different archaeological excavations.
Torre del Homenaje (Tower of tribute). According to tradition was built by the Arabs in mortar in the tenth century. In the fifteenth century was rebuilt by the Christians of Castile with stone blocks, solid construction and easy trace. Recently it created an interactive museum with the history of Requena.
Palacio del Cid. It was rebuilt in the fifteenth century, with stone blocks, which emphasizes the eaves, mullioned windows and overhang, and the blazon belonging to the family of the Pedrón. The legend located on the former site now occupied this building, the residence inhabited by the Cid. Today is the Wine Museum of the city.
Calle de Santa María. In this street the Knights of King Payroll settled and built their houses. Today you can still see the stone arches with keystones, the original doors with jambs, bars and escutcheons.
Plaza de la Villa. It became the Plaza Mayor and was the nerve center of the town since it opened in the sixteenth century. Today is dedicated to Colonel Ruiz de Albornoz.
Cuevas of La Villa. Run through the basement of the Plaza de La Villa and most of the adjacent houses since they were built by the Arabs. They were excavated as silos for cereals but also were used as shelters in different wars. Today are preserved in them elements for winemaking (teals, piqueras, trulletas, vents and jars twelfth century). If you want to know a little mejorpulsa
Cuesta del Castillo. It is the current main entrance to Barrio de La Villa, it is facing north and joined the old road to Castile. Was the old access to the site of La Alcazaba.
Cuesta de los Carniceros (Costs of Butchers) or San Julian. Open in the fifteenth century, when closing the door Fargalla, he was one of the gateways to the city, facing Valencia.
Cuesta del Cristo. (Costs of the Christ). Exit gate of the walled city to the west. It highlights the chapel of Cristo del Amparo with your better half baroque.
Cuesta y Puerta del Angel. It was one of the entrances to the walled town.
Callejón de Paniagua (Paniagua alley). Moruno typical alley, where you can see two of the buttresses of the Church of St. Nicholas, mounted on brick arches.
Casa de los Pedrón. Noble House right of asylum from which kings Philip III and Philip IV on several occasions attended the celebrations were given place in the Plaza de la Villa.
Casa de Santa Teresa. Located opposite the Church of Santa Maria, named because in the old house Santa Teresa de Jesus stayed in one of his visits to the city. Today it is the seat of the Municipal Archives.
Casa del Arte Mayor de la Seda (Silk art house). Located in a Muslim parapet or deadlock, in its facade you can see the altarpiece of Saint Jerome (patron of Mercers).
La Judería. (The Jewish Quarter). Place of trade, where the craft guilds gathered both in the square and adjacent streets. The streets took names there developed trades.
Medina. One of the key parts of the medieval city.
Fuente de los Patos. (Ducks Fountain) In the Arrabal disctrict, also called Pilon or Waterhole Portal.
Fuente de los Regidores. (Aldermen Fountain) In the Barrio del Arrabal, it was place official reception of the high officials visiting Requena.
Lucio Gil Fagoaga Foundation . In the neighborhood of Las Peñas, it is a dating from the eighteenth century building that belonged to the philosopher Lucio Gil D. Fagoaga. Rehabilitated in 1985. Inside the building is the museum-library with over 30,000 volumes, some of them incunabula.
Universal Monument to the Harvest. In the Barrio del Arrabal it is built in stone and bronze and was opened in 1972. Designed by the architect Ricardo Roso and sculptor Esteve Edo.
Church of Carmen. In the Barrio del Arrabal, former Carmelite convent built in the thirteenth century and ended in the eighteenth century. Originally Gothic interior is baroque. It highlights its socket Valencian tile.
Church of San Sebastian. In the neighborhood of Las Peñas and the fourteenth century. It was restored and enlarged in 1786. In 1999 in the rehabilitation of the roof Mudejar coffered wood was discovered.
Plaza de Toros (Bullring). It started its construction in 1877 had to be paralyzed twice the Carlist war and a cholera epidemic. Neomudejar facade was inaugurated on September 17, 1901.
Main Theater. Built in 1952 on the old Circus Theatre, it is an example of rationalist architecture. More information about the Home theater here
Museo de Arte Contemporáneo Florencio de la Fuente. It is located in the Cuesta del Angel neighborhood of the Villa and has the best works of Florencio de la Fuente as well as some works of Miró, Dalí, Tàpies, Rueda, Torner, Valdes, Miquel Navarro, Bores and Mompó.
You can find more information here.
Museo Municipal de Requena. It was established in 1968 and is located in the Cloister of the former Convent of El Carmen. Currently it offers permanent collections of anthropology and ethnology of the region.
You can find more information here.
Museo del vino. Located in the Palacio del Cid, La Villa. You can find more information here.
Museo de la vida rural y vitivinícola: Caserío de Sisternas. Located 16 kilometers from Requena-Caserío this museum shows the way of life that has accompanied viticulture.
This video shows the City of Requena major museums of the city : LINK